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Are You Using the Right Pond? 6 Types of Catfish Ponds You Can Use


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Catfishes, being aquatic animals, are raised in water environment: Anywhere there is fresh water, catfish can be cultured. Over time, besides the natural habitat of fishes, researches have made us understand that catfishes are rugged type of fish. Catfishes can be raised in almost every object that can retain fresh water in a conducive atmosphere. However, the choice of pond type to use depends largely on factors like land availability, convenience, purpose of raising fish, water resources, and scale of production among others. In this article, various ways of raising catfish are identified with unique advantages of one over others.

Types of Catfish Ponds

1. Earthen Ponds: are artificial dams, reservoir, or lake constructed for different species of fishes in order to retain some features of the natural aquatic environment. Earthen ponds are created manually, or mechanically, in a carefully selected site with high water retention ability. Earthen ponds are constructed manually with the use of shovels and diggers. However, in recent times, the use of excavators to dig ponds has been on the increase. An excavator can dig a pond that ten men will ordinarily dig in five days within just ten hours. For commercial pond construction, the use of excavator is more cost effective than manual construction. It also saves time and can attain good depths in hours.

The choice of land for earthen pond must take into cognizance availability of water, or at worse confirm wetlands in season and out of season. Other factors that must be considered include soil type, soil texture and soil permeability. A site located in an area that mainly has sandy soil costs more when it comes to construction because ponds constructed in such areas will need sandbagging to prevent the collapse of such a pond.

earthen pond

Advantages of Earthen Pond over Other Types of Ponds

  1. It is similar to the natural habitat of fishes.
  2. Fishes grow better in an earthen pond than in every other type of pond.
  3. Maintenance cost is cheaper.
  4. It can support different kinds of feed.
  5. It has natural capacity to control pollution.
  6. You do not need an electric aerator to boost the oxygen level.
  7. It requires lower cost of production.
  8. It allows fishes to grow faster.
  9. It allows easy water management

2. Concrete Ponds: are usually constructed with concrete and sometimes reinforced to make them stronger. Construction of concrete ponds is often handled by highly skilled professionals in civil/construction engineering. For any concrete pond to stand the test of time it must be well constructed. The use of blocks for the construction of concrete tanks is not usually encouraged.

Concrete tanks for catfishes can be constructed below or above the earth surface. Concrete ponds are must popular in urban areas where catfish farming are practiced.

concrete pond

Advantages of Concrete Pond over Earthen Ponds

  1. It is easy to manage; e.g. counting, sorting, sales and other management practices.
  2. It is better for production of fingerlings and juveniles.
  3. It can be constructed on dry land.
  4. It cannot be flooded.
  5. It has manageable surface area.
  6. Diseases are easily detected and controlled.
  7. Predators can be kept away or easily controlled.
  8. Concrete ponds do not need demudding.
  9. Waste feed can easily be discovered in concrete ponds.
  10. It cannot be affected by weed and chemical pollution.
  11. It may not need major maintenance for years.
  12. Growth of fishes can easily be monitored.
  13. Usage requires less manpower.

3. Tarpaulin/Synthetic Leather Ponds: are dug like an earthen pond but the walls are lined with a form of rubber/leather carpet to prevent water percolation. These kinds of ponds are excellent at raising juveniles and brood stock. They are usually constructed with flow-through system.

Advantages of Tarpoline/Synthetic Leather Pond

  1. They are easier to manage
  2. They reduce water waste
  3. They are easy to maintain

4. Plastic/Rubber Tanks: are of different sizes specifically manufactured for raising catfishes. Some of these containers are constructed to accommodate as much as one tonne of table-size fish.

rubber tanks

Advantages of Rubber/Plastic Tank

  1. They can be used to raise fishes almost everywhere.
  2. They can easily be moved from one place to the other.
  3. They can be used to raise fingerlings before they are transferred to the main ponds.
  4. They are safe and secure because they can be used to raise fishes indoor.
  5. They pose no threat to the environment i.e. they are environment friendly.
  6. They can be used to learn the art and science of fish farming.
  7. They are cheap and less expensive to maintain.

5. Fiberglass Tanks: are transparent tanks used to raise frys and fingerlings under a controlled temperature before they are transferred into the outdoor tanks.

Advantages of Fiberglass Tank

  1. They are easy to manage
  2. The activities of the fishes can be monitored at a glance
  3. They are portable and movable

6. Cage Tanks: are constructed and placed inside fresh water. They are anchored to the surrounding pegs. Most of the times, feeding of fishes in the tanks are done with the use of a canoe because these tanks are placed in the middle of a large water body to replace their water environment in an enclosed cage.

Cage pond

Image Credit

Advantages of Cage Tank

  1. It can be used to raise large number of fishes
  2. Water pollution is rare
  3. Fishes grow better due to constant fresh water
  4. Availability of oxygen at all times
  5. Availability of other water organisms for fishes to feed on
  6. However, water pollution can lead to the death of all fishes in the cage



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  3. SS Iorliam

    Tnx for your fish advice.
    I have a borehole that has very high yield of clean water. I intend to build a flow through concrete tank. How many catfish fingerling should we stock per m2 if dept of pond is 1.2m. Thank

  4. Stanley

    Nice job boss please what is the average cost for feeding 1000 fishes from juvenile to market size?

  5. keji

    plss whats is the cost of feed,am about to start catfish farming.pls i need ur advice.

  6. Adesola hamzat

    Good day enny, need your professional advice pls. Just about to start.

  7. Jude Numbissi

    I am based in Cameroon and will need your help in acquiring quality feed and juveniles.

  8. Michael

    Please how wide will a pound that will contain 100 pieces of fish

  9. Michael

    1000 pieces i mean

  10. Michael

    Best type of food to feed them, how to change their water how to feed them how to treat them how many month will it take to rear them how to sort them

  11. Hauwa Badamasi

    Hello Sir, I have a concrete pond but it’s leaking and couldn’t detect were the fault is spend so much but still leaking. Can l put tiles? Please advise me what to do.

  12. Fowowe Oladotun

    Gud pm Mr Enny, im a starter, pls how many days shd water b changed in a plastic tank of juvenile catfish and shd feeding b much?

  13. Benjamin bassaw

    Please have concrete pond size 10ft by 10ft size,have put 1000 juveniles catfish in but I do flow through system 12hours day is good

  14. Benjamin bassaw

    And have brought some land in Ghana,full of water in dry season and ph was 5.5 to 5.8 what should I do in that land please need your help

  15. Benjamin bassaw

    Please needed your advice in ph

  16. adeyemo philips adebayo

    please sir am about to start, just finish the construction of the pond
    i need your advise sir

  17. Adetunji Olufemi

    Wow! Information from the source… I’m gonna tell all of my farmer friends about you trust me. My question is

    Sir, if I want to start fish farming for the first time how will you advice me to do it?
    In terms of how many to stock
    Type of system
    How much it will cost me
    The risk involved
    And the profitability.

    Or can you help me with a business plan sir?

    Thank you for the anticipated response sir.

  18. Iam using in this year

  19. Adewale

    What’s the likely turnover if 550 000 naira is used in running 1000 catfish from juvenile

  20. Ibrahim oluwatoyin

    Hello eniola please where can I text the DO level of my water,the temperature and the pH,i want to start raising fish at home.i stays in ikorodu.

  21. Bob

    Good morning beloved. Am Bob by name.i am interested in your professional advice on catfish rearing. I have about 11 tanks of 1 metres square. Like how many fingerless can grown till table size

  22. hugo

    hello, I’m using tarpaulin and plank stand as my pond. the tarpaulin is 4by6. 3and half ft deep. how many fingerling do I have to start with

  23. IDHOLO blessing

    Can I use aluminum sheet to construct fish pond?

  24. Joshua Chuks

    Greetings Sir, Please i need practical training on hastching,fingerlings and juvenile.
    Am located at Nasarawa

  25. Bob is the name

    I just started my catfish farm business and I need your professional advice I have some fish in stocks to sale them off.omoku town in River state

  26. abosede

    good morning mr eni.please sir ,how much can i

    get a bowl that ll contain 500 juvenile?


    I have a small block constructed pond at the backyard of my house the measurement of my pond L/W/H is 2.9m/1.14m/0.69m. How many catfish can it accommodate fingerlings to market size?

    How can I treat and fertilize the pond?

  28. ajide joshua

    Thank you very much. Pleas i need a little tutoria on hatching

  29. ajide joshua

    Thank you very much. Pleas i need a little tutoria on hatching

  30. Kingsley

    Pls what is the cost of feeding 20,000 fingerlings to juveniles.

  31. Onuigbo Naomi

    Thanks for the rich information on your blog. Please, where can I get the plastic tank with iron guides.

  32. Unique farms and agro allieds

    Thanks for your highly educative information. Please I dug this earthen pond since about two and a half months ago for catfish farming, but unfortunately the funding source was delayed. Just last week(6days ago) we drained off the water,treated with lime, ready for stocking but up till now the water depths is just less than a foot. We have booked for the juveniles. What can I do? I’m thinking about digging a well and pump water from there. The area is still very wet and marshy.

  33. Pst Gordon

    I want to start a fish farm but my borehole as o lot of iron. What can I do about tis?? how dangerous is iron to fish survival? God bless you.

  34. Augustine Sunday

    thank you for this informative article, its really educating ! please i want to find out about how many concrete pond can be build on a 1000 sqm of land. i want to established a catfish farm so i need more information on it please.

  35. Ekpenyong Ibah

    Thanks for the information. Please can a concret fish farm be within a roofed and enclosed building?

  36. Lawal bolaji musbau

    Thanks for your surport . Eniola

  37. Esther

    i have been in this business but not success and i was happy reading from yours is a good one pls help me out with your good methods and the best feeds one can use. Thanks

  38. Rosephilia

    With a 7 by 7 tarpaulin pond how many catfish can I put in there


    nice job sir.
    am just a fresh graduate looking on what to do. I have two storex tank at my house , I don’t know if is advisable to start cat fish rearing

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