This is a continuation of our series on reasons why catfish farmers run at loss. If you want to ensure a profitable catfish farming season, you have to avoid doing these two things:
One of the major challenges of most catfish farmers is getting right how to feed appropriately without overfeeding or underfeeding. There is no hard and fast rule on how to feed catfishes, although experts recommend a feed of about 2.5% of the total body weight of the fish per day, in Tropical Africa, depending on its age. For instance, a fish of 1kg will eat around 25g of feed per day. However, determining the average size of catfish may not be so easy because the farmer might be required to sample crop in order to ascertain the weight of his fishes weekly before feeding. Moreover, because of uniqueness of different species of catfish, some practitioners recommend spot feeding. This may not be appropriate for certain species of catfish that feed underwater. Therefore a farmer must learn to observe the uniqueness of each stock by identifying the features of the species stocked in order to understand the best way to feed appropriately.
Catfish feeding is a dynamic act that must be mastered by profit-oriented farmers. Feeding charts can be of help to new catfish farmers, but should not be strictly followed especially when locally pelletized feed is involved (i.e. sinking feed). Catfish farmers must be aware of certain factors that affect feed intake in catfishes. This understanding will help them control overfeeding, which could be a capital drain in the business. Some of these factors include:
- Water quality
- Water temperature
- Water depth
- Feed quality
- Change in feed taste
- Catfish species
- Time interval between feeding
Water quality plays a major role at determining the amount of feed certain number of catfishes stocked will consume. From experience, it has been discovered that catfishes feed better in fresh, light green water. Pollution from overfeeding and overpopulation will definitely reduce average feed intake per fish, even below recommendation in feeding charts.
Water depth is another factor in catfish feeding. While a shallow pond may not really affect feed intake in small fishes, it does in bigger fishes. This is due to the fact that they may not be able to position themselves well while feeding, leading to waste of pellets that escape from their mouth and dissolve in a matter of minutes.
Water temperature: Catfishes are warm-blooded animal. Although they can regulate their body temperature to suit the temperature of their environment, yet smaller fishes do well in a stable temperature e.g. sunny and warm temperature. Too much cold, especially Harmattan/Winter, affects feed consumption in catfishes. This is why it is advisable to feed your catfishes when sun rises at this period of the year. Therefore watch out for these seasons and adjust their feed intake appropriately.
Feed quality: Most catfish farmers, in some parts of West Africa, believe that they can formulate anything for their fishes to eat due to the liberty they have to do so in the sub continent. As a matter of fact, you can determine the quality of your feed by what you put together to compound it but you might not be able to enhance their growth with wrong formulations. Apart from the fact that quality feed enhances the growth of catfishes, it also determines how much they will eat and convert to form their body weight. You will do yourself a great havoc by feeding your fishes with poor quality feed because they might not eat it eventually, causing overfeeding.
Change in taste: Many may not believe that catfishes have strong taste organ and can differentiate between feeds of different taste. As much as possible, catfish farmers should maintain the quality of their feed ingredients to sustain the taste of their feed over a period of time. From experience, catfishes respond to change in taste of their feed by either increasing or reducing their intake. Whenever you are changing the taste of your feed, make sure you don’t overfeed or underfeed. Farmers should also note that when feeds are kept for so long, they start to lose their flavor and value and, as a result, catfishes would respond less to them.
Catfish species: Different catfish species differ in their voraciousness to feeding. While some eat more, some might eat less and arrive at the same body weight at the end of the culturing season. When next you stock your pond, make sure you observe their attitude to feeding and do not overfeed or base your feeding on someone else’s feeding chart.
Time interval between feeding: It takes certain number of hours before fishes digest their feed depending on the quality and age of your stock. Experts believe that it takes at least 10 hours for well-fed smaller fishes to digest the feed intake. Whereas it takes a long period for bigger fishes to digest feed intake. It is advisable to maintain a feeding pattern e.g. after 12 hours or 24 hours before another feed. Make sure you don’t overfeed when the number of hours in-between feeding is less than usual.
You cannot afford to waste your feed by overfeeding, especially now that the costs of input are sky high.
Fantastic article, thank you.
Pls i really want to go into rearing of catfish but I honestly don’t know how to go about it. I wish there is a way I can get in touch with u cos I want to know all I need to know before going into it. Pls reply
Thanks, I have never liked catfish farming. But after I read your articles I became interested. Thanks for your great article.
Please send your phone number to me. Let’s do business.
Great article. Please what is a actual kg of feed that 2000 catfish of about 3 months old can eat per day without underfeeding and overfeeding them. Currently using locally manufactured floating feed (topfeed). Looking forward to your response sir. Thanks
Thanks for being part of this blog. As regard your question, it depends on the breed you stocked, however they should be able to eat between 30-45 kg of good feed per day.
Sir,I mean 2000 catfish and not 20000.
yeah, i feel your reaction…. same here i stock 2500 and i use 2/3 bag of local feed per day… thats about 10.kg…. though i still have the feeling that am underfeeding them… but i can go and kill myself na…. considering the cost of feed… not to talk of this market women that will be prizing small money per KG wen you want to sell… pls if anyone have a better idea on how to cut cost pls let me know…
Please I need ur number.
Contact me through my email. firstname.lastname@example.org………Thanks
really luv wat ur doing here….. ur write ups wld guide me as i am about venturing into dis biz…..
Sir, am in the catfish farming but am facing difficulties my fish are dieying rapiddly, am Feeding them with SKRETTING my consultant advising me to change the Feed to coppens or ala aque no where to be seiying here in kano pls what advise will I have from you am waiting pls.
Mortality in your stock may not be connected with feed you are using. Please analyse your fish, water and feed in the lab. to be sure of causes of mortality. A business opportunity Kano to be distributor of other feeds you mentioned.
Sir, I always get new development wen I read your article. Thanks a lot. Pls does winter or harmertime period affect the growth of cat fish. Despite you feed them well
Thanks you sir. Please is there any way you can reduce the cold of the pond.
Good day and a job well done. Please sir, recently my boss when pelleting adds raw eggs to the ingredients. Is it good and what are the advantages. Thank you.
It can boost feed CP.
thanks ma, for the write up, pls I have this issue with my fish, after a week of stocking I started seeing mortality as a result of pink worm I was able to teat this but their growth rate has been retarded ever since, I use top feed as well, pls any advice on what I can do to save this issue, theory are not overstocked, I ensure to maintain good water quality, pls I need help
thanks sir for the write up, pls I have this issue with my fish, after a week of stocking I started seeing mortality as a result of pink worm I was able to treat this but their growth rate has been retarded ever since, I use top feed as well, pls any advice on what I can do to save this issue, they are not overstocked, I ensure to maintain good water quality, pls I need help
email me @ email@example.com
Well done sir, pls am giving my fish embryo for amimals does this have Amy side effect?. Regards
Thanks a lot sir for the encouragement. Pls I’m first timer in this business , I need a guide on how to locally produce feed to reduce feed cost or any other supplement.
PS can you advice on the best feed to achieve best results?
thanks so much for this information.
Good evening sir:
I need a good booster for my fishes sir.
Thanks nd God bless!
Good write up and God bless. Please does aerator pump play any significant role in fish farming ??
Pls my fishes are dying, what can I do to stop this? They are not growing and I do give them food.
Thanks a lot remain blessed
Sir thanks for your lectures I really appreciate as a beginner I have learn many things
Sir, what are the things to be added to local fish feed formulation that can enhance rapid growth like floating feeds?
Will done sir for this articles may God Bliss you
Thanks for the article
It really helps alot