Profitable Fish Farming

Practical advice for profitable fish farming…

Month: April 2016

Water Management Systems in Catfish farming

  

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It is not an irony that water is the most abundant resource yet limited in supply. According to statistics, Earth mainly consists of water. Around 71 percent of the Earth surface is made up of water, and oceans account for about 96.5 percent of all Earth’s water. It can be deduced from above that less than 3.5 percent of total surface water is fresh enough for fresh water fish production. As a matter of fact, fresh water is everything in both natural and artificial fish production. Among three important factors of catfish production (Breed, Feed and Water), water is most important. The reason for this is not far-fetched. Catfish live, feed, breathe, reproduce and exist in fresh water environment only.

Due to limited supply of fresh water, and for the fact that fresh water is not evenly distributed (both ground and surface water), there is need to manage this scarce resource well. A catfish farmer, whose business is water based, must learn the art and science of water management techniques that suit his budget and environment. To this end, various water management systems with their merits and demerits are discussed in this article.

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Feeding Techniques in Catfish Farming: What Technique is Best for You?

  

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Feeding is one of the most technical aspects of catfish farming in that farmers must understand the suitable feeding method/technique for her farm. The best method of feeding for a farm is arrived at after thorough analysis of variables like pond types, pond size, sizes of fish stock, stocking density, feed types and feeding facilities available. A suitable feeding method must be adopted to maximize profit.

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Yes, You Can Overstock As Long as You Meet these 7 Conditions

  

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As said in one of my articles on this blog, overstocking is one of the most common reasons why catfish farmers fail. Overstocking could lead to unnecessary competition for food, oxygen, space, and other limited aquatic resources. Sometimes, overstocking could lead to rapid spread of infection. If infection is not well managed in an overstocked pond, high level of mortality will be recorded. Also, poor growth in catfish can also be caused by stocking more than pond capacity at a time.

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Act Quickly! 5 Signs to Know your Fishes Need Attention

  

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Many catfish farmers are not always careful enough to interpret signs and activities of their stock. Every sign shown by your catfish has a unique meaning. An observant farmer will know what to do next through intelligent analysis of his stock activities.

Some activities of your fish could indicate satisfaction, while other activities might indicate the need to take an urgent action on their environment, feed, etc. However some signs must not be neglected because neglecting them could make you fail as a farmer in your chosen business. For instance, a sluggish movement in small fishes is abnormal and calls for urgent action to avoid unthinkable mortality rate. Many stocks of catfish, with great potential to grow very fast, have been underfed by farmers who will not observe the need to increase the daily supply of feed to their stock. To cut the long story short, there are five signs you, as a farmer, must not neglect in your catfish stock. Attending to them at the right time will save you a lot of stress and increase returns on your investment in catfish farming business. Below are five signs calling for an urgent attention in your catfish farm:

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Restlessness in Catfish: Causes and Solution

  

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Many catfish farmers wonder why their fishes sometimes become restless especially during feeding. In many cases, once fishes scatter they might not return to feed for the day again. This situation may sometimes persist if necessary action is not taken.

The effect of restlessness in catfish is not small. It can affect feeding habit in fishes thereby affecting their growth. Also, restlessness induces unnecessary stress in fishes. If the stress persists, certain numbers of mortality occur daily. Researchers have shown that there are at least five major causes of restlessness in catfish, and below are the causes identified:

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3 Essential “Checks” Catfish Farmers Must Observe Daily

  

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Catfish farming is more than stocking certain number of juveniles, feeding and selling them after certain period of time. While “stocking, feeding and selling” summarize the process of catfish farming business, there is more to these three tangible processes of catfish farming. On a daily basis, a catfish farmer must conduct certain checks so as to maximize the potential of his catfish farming business. Regular readers of this blog must have come across two out of these three important checks. Below are the checks you should observe regularly as a catfish farmer:

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Are You Using the Right Pond? 6 Types of Catfish Ponds You Can Use

  

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Catfishes, being aquatic animals, are raised in water environment: Anywhere there is fresh water, catfish can be cultured. Over time, besides the natural habitat of fishes, researches have made us understand that catfishes are rugged type of fish. Catfishes can be raised in almost every object that can retain fresh water in a conducive atmosphere. However, the choice of pond type to use depends largely on factors like land availability, convenience, purpose of raising fish, water resources, and scale of production among others. In this article, various ways of raising catfish are identified with unique advantages of one over others.

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Catfish Feed Ingredients: The Ultimate Guide

  

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Catfish feeds are made up of major and minor ingredients combined in the right proportion to give required nutrient to fish that feed on them. Certain ingredients are major because they form the larger proportion of the feed – even up to ninety-six percent of the total feed ingredients. However, minor ingredients are needed in very small quantity in feed but their importance cannot be overlooked. Absence of feed ingredients needed in small quantity can reduce the efficiency of your feed to about fifty percent. Therefore, understanding of both major and minor ingredients is needed to prepare an efficient catfish feed.

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Hatchery Experience: African Catfish Breeding

  

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In one of my previous articles, I wrote about the importance of seed in successful catfish farming. I will like to introduce my catfish fingerlings/juvenile supplier, Bunmi Alhade of Mosunmola Farms. In this article, she explains the process used in her hatchery to produce the best of breeds for customers who are in need of quality seeds.

Gone are the days when the African catfish fingerlings are captured from the wild. Aquaculture has gone beyond that and its associated problems like limited quantity, diseases afflicted stock, and stunted growth amongst others. These days the fingerlings are produced artificially in the hatchery, welcome to Mosunmola farms.

Mosunmola Farms

 

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