Profitable Fish Farming

Practical advice for profitable fish farming…

Month: February 2016

12 Tips for Flood Control in Earthen Pond

  

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One of the natural disasters that affect catfish production in artificial dams and ponds is flood. Flood occurs when runoff water goes beyond channels and drainages provided for it. It is a situation whereby water bodies (lake, stream, rivers, etc.) go beyond their catchment area causing untold damage to the adjoining environment.

Excess precipitation has been identified as the major cause of flooding, especially in the developed countries of the world where networks of drainages exist and are well kept. At times, there could be nonstop rain for more than 24 hours, causing drainages and water bodies to be overwhelmed and spread to the surrounding environment. In other words, Nigeria as an example of underdeveloped country has experienced a number of floods not as a result of excessive rainfall but due to poor drainage systems and poor maintenance of existing ones.  This may at times result in severe loss of properties and livestock (catfishes, cattle, chickens, etc.) worth millions of dollars.

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Four Controls of Water Management in Earthen Pond during Dry Season

  

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The fact that catfishes do well in earthen pond during wet season is not contestable. Many factors are responsible for excellent performance of catfishes at this period of the year. Apart from the availability of sufficient surface water to refresh the polluted ponds, ground water has a way of replenishing the stagnant ponds. This means that water plays a vital role in ensuring that catfishes perform well.

What do we do when water is not available in sufficient quantity due to seasonal changes? As a matter of fact, water management can be a very difficult task in dry season. Water in earthen pond may not be as fresh as most farmers have during the wet season, especially when the source of the water to the farm is seasonal. Below are some of the tips you can use to manage your water for maximum performance in dry season.

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How to Secure the Best Land for Your Catfish Farm

  

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Land is the most important factor of production in Agricultural practices. Be it crop or animal production, the importance of land cannot be overemphasized. Catfish farming is not exempted: Whatever method used to raise your fishes, land is very important.

Although Nigeria can boast of hundreds of thousands square kilometers of arable lands, but not all these can support catfish farming especially as far as earthen ponds is concerned.

The choice of land for establishment of catfish farm is technical. Hence, not every piece of land can suit this purpose. Some people believe that once a piece of land is waterlogged catfish farm will do well in such environment, yet some other factors must be considered. Some of these factors will be considered here to guide potential catfish farmers who have intention of securing land for catfish farm purpose.

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Major Causes of Mortality in Catfish

  

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What are the causes of mortality? Is all mortality in catfishes natural? This and many other questions are often asked by catfish farmers, most especially new farmers who are willing to minimize loss due to mortality. Times without number, catfish farmers have been sent out of business due to uncontrolled mortality rates. Some six years ago, I was seriously affected by severe mortality in my catfish farm. I almost lost my confidence in the business. I began to search for basic causes of mortality in catfishes and how to control mortality if there is any solution to this problem.  In this article, I shall be examining various causes of catfish mortality. This I believe will make farmers to reduce the effect of mortality once the cause is known. For easy reading, causes of catfish mortality have been grouped into five categories. Each category will be discussed briefly to give sufficient information on this matter.

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Shine Your Eyes While Selling Your Catfishes

  

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Sales of catfish is one of the most difficult aspects that farmers must take cognizance of. This is due to the fact that the final success of a farming season depends solely on what happens during the process of selling. Many farmers have been defrauded via this process; as a matter of fact, there are several ways catfish buyers can defraud farmers. At least 7 of these ways will be discussed:

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Why You Should Wait For Your Fishes to Mature

  

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As a result of poor financial planning and other factors which might include flooding, theft, poor growth, disease outbreak and so on, many farmers might decide to sell their grow-out fishes before they reach maturity. Among the factors mentioned earlier, poor financial planning often makes the farmer to sell before their stock matures. They believe that if they will not be able to feed their catfishes, the best option is to sell them off so that they will not lose the initial weight gained. Each farmer should have in mind, right from the beginning of raising their fishes, the time he or she wants to dispose his or her produce. The determination of each farmer should be guided by these two factors:

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Market Information: The Main Reason Why Most Catfish Farmers Run at Loss

  

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The importance of market information in agriculture and agro-industrialization can never be overemphasized for farmers, especially catfish farmers that are profit-oriented. It has to do with the process of obtaining, analyzing and usage of information related to prices of inputs and outputs as well as general information related to farmers. Having the right market information helps farmers to take certain decisions that may help them maximize and optimize profit in their businesses.

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Catfish Feed Formula: How to Formulate Feed that Will Enhance Your Profit

  

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catfish feed formula

Feed formulation is an integral part of catfish farming business, especially in tropical Africa. This is due to the fact that imported fish feeds are always expensive due to the cost of logistics on importation and weak local currency, making the cost of such products skyrocket.

The environment in Africa allows individual farmers to formulate feed for their fishes in order to reduce the cost of feed production and also to enjoy flexibility in choice of feed ingredients for feed formulation. It has been observed that majority of catfish farmers have little or no knowledge of this aspect of their business. As a result of this, many gamble and some even depend on the judgment/choice of their feed millers who are ready to exploit them for the purpose of making more profit. Little wonder that some farmers fail at this critical point.

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